Archive Finding Aids

Here are detailed file-by-file descriptions of the contents of specific fonds and/or links to scanned documents.

Letter written by James Sutherland
Letter written by James Sutherland, 1833
M-1201-3

James Sutherland fonds

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Inventory

Scanned Document indicates the presence of scanned documents.

M-1201-1 Letter from Colin Inkster to Mrs. Baikie. -- November 14, 1914. -- The letter comments on members of the James Sutherland family, and includes a newspaper clipping regarding James Sutherland, which mentions George Simpson. [Mrs. Baikie donated the Sutherland letters to the Glenbow.] Scanned Document View now.
M-1201-2

Correspondence. -- 1814-1828. -- Scanned Document View now.

Consists of the following letters:

June 29, 1814, James Sutherland at Montreal to George Sutherland (father) and brother at St. Margaret's, Orkney. -- Synopsis:: arrives at Quebec; makes contact with people from Orkney; comments on "war with Americans"; prepares for journey to Moose Factory.

August 24, 1817, James Sutherland at Norway House, Lake Winnipeg to John Sutherland (brother) at Knockhall, St. Margaret's Hope, Orkney. -- Synopsis: approves of father's marriage; advises brother to think carefully before emigrating to "America"; if brother does come, has written to "Company" to bring him out as a clerk and not a labourer.

August 26, 1825, James Sutherland at York Factory to John Sutherland. -- Synopsis: describes his illness; takes a leave of absence from the Company for a year; plans to spend winter at Red River Colony.

October 16, 1826, James Sutherland on ship Prince of Wales off Land's End to John Sutherland at Knockhall. -- Synopsis: still ill; enroute to England to seek medical attention.

November 3, 1826, James Sutherland at Hudson's Bay House, London to John Sutherland at Knockhall. -- Synopsis: in London; still ill; travel plans for his stay in England.

March 15, 1827, James Sutherland at Liverpool to John Sutherland at Knockhall. -- Synopsis: stay in England has not improved his health; returning to Canada to provide for his "large family in a savage country"; advises brother to address letters to him to the care of Jame McTavish.

May 9, 1827, James Sutherland at Montreal to John Sutherland at Knockhall. -- Synopsis: feeling better; describes journey from New York to Montreal; Company canoes have all departed; must arrange his own passage to Norway House £150.

August 13, 1827, James Sutherland at Norway House to John Sutherland at Knockhall. -- Synopsis: ill again; describes journey from Montreal to Norway House; mosquitoes; difficulty communicating with Canadians [French speakers]; family is well; discusses in general terms of employment with Company; conditions at Red River; plans to settle there.

August 10, 1828, James Sutherland at Red River Colony to John Sutherland at Knockhall. -- Synopsis: feeling better; his activities in Red River Colony; house built; commenced farming; praises Red River; his health improving and he is able to support himself and his family; intends to stay there.

M-1201-3

Correspondence. -- 1831-1842. -- Scanned Document View now.

Consists of the following letters:

August 8, 1831, James Sutherland at Red River Colony to John Sutherland (brother) at Knockhal. -- Synopsis: discusses disposition of Father's property when father dies; stepmother may occupy it but shall not inherit it; family matters at Red River; last two daughters married; describes son-in-laws; describes four youngest sons; confident his family is provided for but concern for female grandchildren; says he is comfortably established; describes his food sources.

August 6, 1832, James Sutherland at Red River Settlement to John Sutherland at Knockhall. -- Synopsis: death of father and settlement of father's debts; family matters; economic and crop conditions in Red River favourable; discusses his will.

December 19, 1833, James Sutherland at Red River Settlement to John Sutherland at Knockhall. -- Synopsis: his health; asks brother to pass on messages home from servant and son-in-law; description of grandson-in-law; asks brother to settle minor financial obligations.

August 7, 1838, James Sutherland at Red River Settlement to John Sutherland. -- [no final page]. -- Synopsis: poor health; prospects for his own sons; poor crops at Red River.

August 8, 1840, John Sutherland [possibly son of James] at Strawberry Point, Red River Settlement to John Sutherland at Knockhall. -- Synopsis: poor crops; family news; [does not mention his health!].

August 10, 1840, James Sutherland at Red River Settlement to John Sutherland at Knockhall. -- Synopsis: consoles brother on death of wife; advises brother not to re-marry rashly; take firm hand with sons; describes his own sons and their prospects (not good for halfbreeds [Metis]; poor health in winter in winter; good this summer; fine weather; poor crop; news about the neighbours.

August 10, 1841, James Sutherland at Red River Colony, Rupert's Land to John Sutherland, Knockhall. -- Synopsis: discusses his health; difficulties of making a journey back to Scotland; prospects for young people in Red River - hard work, can't get ahead in life but can be comfortable; economic conditions; describes emigration of 100 people from Red River to Columbia River (northwest coast of continent); news about family and friends - some went to United States but have returned poor.

August 10, 1842, James Sutherland at Red River Settlement to John Sutherland. -- Synopsis: moralizing and religious musings; his health; still single; family news; social scene changing in Red River as reitred Company men and their wives move in.

M-1201-4

Correspondence. -- 1845-1856. -- Scanned Document View now.

Consists of the following letters:

July 30, 1845, Robert Clouston (son-in-law of James Sutherland) at Red River Settlement to John Sutherland at Knockhall. -- Synopsis: manner of James Sutherland's death (his father-in-law); describes his own children; his health.

August 6, 1845, Roderick Sutherland (son of James Sutherland) at Red River Settlement to John Sutherland at Knockhall. -- Synopsis: visit of George Simpson to Red River; Hudson's Bay Company sets up a distillery there to do away with liquor smuggling and bootlegging; liquor consumption among halfbreeds (Metis); temperance and attempt by clergy to promote it; buffalo disappearing, speculates uncertain future for First Nations; epidemic in Red River - bilious fever.

August 6, 1846, Roderick Sutherland at Red River Settlement to John Sutherland at Knockhall. -- Synopsis: measles and dysentary at Red River, many deaths; wheat crop affected by mildew; first year Red River has market for surplus grain - Hudson's Bay Company buying it for soldiers who will be stationed at Red River; HBC oppressed the people, hopes for better under British government.

August 10, 1856, J. or W. [?] Sutherland (son of James Sutherland, probably John) at St. Paul's, Red River Settlement to John Sutherland, Knockhall. -- Synopsis: news about Roderick - his wife ran away with an American officer; death of James Sinclair - "got his just reward" for iniquity; Red River improving - 300 cart o the United States from there; plans for a steam mill.

M-1201-5 Wills of James Sutherland. -- December 7, 1835 and October 9, 1844. -- The 1844 will appoints George Simpson as one of the executors. Scanned Document View now.
M-1201-6 Will of George Sutherland. -- July 3, 1829 Scanned Document View now.
M-1201-7 Will of James Gaddy. -- July 29, 1834 Scanned Document View now.
M-1201-8 Correspondence of John Sutherland with W.G. Smith regarding his inheritance from James Sutherland. -- 1846 Scanned Document View now.
M-1201-9

Miscellaneous correspondence. -- 1843-1857 and n.d. -- Scanned Document View now.

Consist of these letters:

Unknown date, from Samuel Land, Jr. of Papoule at London to George Traill, Esq. at Hobbister

June 10, 1843, Moses Spencer at Hamilton to John Sutherland at Knockhall, St. Margaret's Hope, Orkney

March 1856, A son [John?] at River Mersey, Liverpool to John Sutherland

January 13, 1857, William Sutherland on Ship Shalimar, Bombay, India to John Sutherland

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