.

Archive Finding Aids

Here are detailed file-by-file descriptions of the contents of specific fonds and/or links to scanned documents.

Dr. Claude E. Schaeffer, 1995
Dr. Claude E. Schaeffer, 1955
NA-1996-1

Claude E. Schaeffer fonds

To view brief biography and summary of contents click here.

Table of Contents

Scanned Document indicates that the series includes scanned documents.

Series 1 Scanned Document Kootenay
Series 2 Flathead
Series 3 Scanned Document Blackfoot
Series 4 Munro Family
Series 5 Scanned Document Field notebooks - Blackfoot, Kootenay and Flathead
Series 6 Various reference material
Series 7 Scanned Document Photographs

Inventory

Series 1
Kootenay. -- Please note that some of the information in these files is of a sensitive nature and may not be accessible for research or copying without the approval of the Ktunaxa Nation Council in Cranbrook (250-421-4001), or the Kootenai Culture Director in Elmo, Montana (406-849-5659). These files have been marked below. Please consult an Archivist before requesting.
M-1100-1Kootenay Manuscript - Organization
M-1100-2Introduction
M-1100-3The Kootenay and Their Country
M-1100-4The Kootenay and Their Country - Rough Notes (1)
M-1100-5The Kootenay and Their Country - Rough Notes (2)
M-1100-6Topography and Climate
M-1100-7Family Hunting Territories
M-1100-8Kootenay Economic Activities
M-1100-9Fur, Fish and Fowl
M-1100-10Fur, Fish and Fowl - Rough Notes
M-1100-11Netting Waterfowl
M-1100-12Travel and Transport
M-1100-13Travel and Transport - Rough Notes (1)
M-1100-14Travel and Transport - Rough Notes (2)
M-1100-15Wood, Bone and Antler
M-1100-16 Material Culture. -- Includes sensitive material. Please consult with an Archivist before requesting material.
M-1100-17Allies and Enemies
M-1100-18Intertribal Contacts
M-1100-19Chiefs and Warriors
M-1100-20 Warfare. -- Includes sensitive material. Please consult with an Archivist before requesting material.
M-1100-21Life Cycle. -- Includes sensitive material. Please consult with an Archivist before requesting material.
M-1100-22From Birth to Death. -- Includes sensitive material. Please consult with an Archivist before requesting material.
M-1100-23Camp Life
M-1100-24World of the Nupika. -- Includes sensitive material. Please consult with an Archivist before requesting material.
M-1100-25World of the Nupika - Rough Notes (1). -- Includes sensitive material. Please consult with an Archivist before requesting material.
M-1100-26World of the Nupika - Rough Notes (2). -- Includes sensitive material. Please consult with an Archivist before requesting material.
M-1100-27Conjuring Booth and Sundance Lodge. -- Includes sensitive material. Please consult with an Archivist before requesting material.
M-1100-28Conjuring Booth and Sundance Lodge - Rough Notes. -- Includes sensitive material. Please consult with an Archivist before requesting material.
M-1100-29Kootenay Conjuring Notes. -- Includes sensitive material. Please consult with an Archivist before requesting material.
M-1100-30Kootenay Sun Dance. -- Includes sensitive material. Please consult with an Archivist before requesting material.
M-1100-31The Star Man
M-1100-32The Fur Buyers
M-1100-33The Fur Buyers - Rough Notes (1)
M-1100-34Kootenay Fur Buyers - Rough Notes (2)
M-1100-35Kootenay Fur Buyers - Rough Notes (3)
M-1100-36Fur Buyers - Sources
M-1100-37Kootenay Fur Trade Period
M-1100-38Spokan Garry and Kootenay Pelly. -- Includes sensitive material. Please consult with an Archivist before requesting material.
M-1100-39The Black Robes
M-1100-40Black Robes - Rough Notes
M-1100-41Early Kootenay Mission
M-1100-42Miners and Settlers
M-1100-43Reservation Days
M-1100-44Modern Era
M-1100-45Conclusion
M-1100-46Appendix
M-1100-47Bibliography
M-1100-48Kootenay Informants
M-1100-49Kootenay Social Life - Ms.
M-1100-50Kootenay Social Life - 1st draft
M-1100-51The Kootenay Interviews - Social Life. -- Includes sensitive material. Please consult with an Archivist before requesting material.
M-1100-52Kootenay History and Culture - Copy (1). -- Includes sensitive material. Please consult with an Archivist before requesting material.
M-1100-53Kootenay History and Culture - Copy (2)
M-1100-54Plains Kootenay
M-1100-55Plains Kootenay
M-1100-56The Lower Kootenay
M-1100-57Kootenay Chiefs
M-1100-58Political Organization
M-1100-59Political and Social Organization
M-1100-60Kootenay Annual Cycle
M-1100-61Kootenay Hunting. -- Includes sensitive material. Please consult with an Archivist before requesting material.
M-1100-62Kootenay Environment
M-1100-63Kootenay Bands
M-1100-64Kootenay Land and Allotment
M-1100-65Kootenay Berdache
M-1100-66Kootenay Vocabulary - (1)
M-1100-67Kootenay Vocabulary - (2)
M-1100-68Kootenay Vocabulary - Acculturation
M-1100-69Kinship Terminology
M-1100-70Old Notes
M-1100-71Kootenay Notes
M-1100-72Material Arts
M-1100-73Kootenay Pottery
M-1100-74Face Paintings. -- Includes sensitive material. Please consult with an Archivist before requesting material.
M-1100-75Tobacco. -- Includes sensitive material. Please consult with an Archivist before requesting material.
M-1100-76 Kootenay Winter Count Scanned Document View now.
M-1100-77Simon Francis
M-1100-78Kootenay Myths
M-1100-79Kootenay Camp Sites
M-1100-80Kootenay Trails. -- Includes sensitive material. Please consult with an Archivist before requesting material.
M-1100-81Kootenay Trail Maps
M-1100-82Comparative Sources - Kootenay
M-1100-83Population Data
M-1100-84David Thompson's Journals
M-1100-85LeBlanc and LaGasse
M-1100-86Causton Kootenay Notes
M-1100-87Curtis Teit - Kootenay
M-1100-88Garvan Material
M-1100-89Kootenay Notes
M-1100-90"Questions" Bonners Ferry
M-1100-91Principal Spirits. -- Includes sensitive material. Please consult with an Archivist before requesting material.
M-1100-92Child Sacrifices
M-1100-93Ceremonialism. -- Includes sensitive material. Please consult with an Archivist before requesting material.
M-1100-94Kootenay Bear Ceremonialism. -- Includes sensitive material. Please consult with an Archivist before requesting material.
M-1100-95Kootenay Sun Dance - Manuscript. -- Includes sensitive material. Please consult with an Archivist before requesting material.
M-1100-96Kootenay Sun Dance - Live Notes. -- Includes sensitive material. Please consult with an Archivist before requesting material.
M-1100-97Kootenay Sun Dance - Used Notes. -- Includes sensitive material. Please consult with an Archivist before requesting material.
M-1100-98Kootenay Sun Dance - Rough Notes. -- Includes sensitive material. Please consult with an Archivist before requesting material.
M-1100-99Kootenay Sun Dance - 1st Draft. -- Includes sensitive material. Please consult with an Archivist before requesting material.
M-1100-100Kootenay Conjuring & Ghosts. -- Includes sensitive material. Please consult with an Archivist before requesting material.
M-1100-101Kootenay Conjuring. -- Includes sensitive material. Please consult with an Archivist before requesting material.
M-1100-102Kootenay Conjuring. -- Includes sensitive material. Please consult with an Archivist before requesting material.
M-1100-103Kootenay Conjuring. -- Includes sensitive material. Please consult with an Archivist before requesting material.
M-1100-104Kootenay Sugar Conjuring. -- Includes sensitive material. Please consult with an Archivist before requesting material.
M-1100-105Kootenay Conjuring Practices - Final Ms.. -- Includes sensitive material. Please consult with an Archivist before requesting material.
M-1100-106Conjuring Notes (Used - 1). -- Includes sensitive material. Please consult with an Archivist before requesting material.
M-1100-107Conjuring Notes (Used - 2). -- Includes sensitive material. Please consult with an Archivist before requesting material.
M-1100-108Conjuring Notes (Used - 3). -- Includes sensitive material. Please consult with an Archivist before requesting material.
Series 2
Flathead
M-1100-109The Flathead Indians - Manuscript
M-1100-110The Flatheads - 1st Draft
M-1100-111Material Culture & Annual Economic Cycle of the Flatheads - final Draft of Theses
M-1100-112Material Culture & Annual Economic Cycle of the Flatheads - Original Draft
M-1100-113Tales of the Flathead - Ms.
M-1100-114Flathead Indians - Acculturation Study, Copy 1
M-1100-115Flathead Indians - Acculturation Study, Copy 2
M-1100-116Flathead Indians - Midwater Ceremony
M-1100-117Flathead Indians - Mid-Winter Ceremony
M-1100-118Flathead Indians - Field Notes
Series 3
Blackfoot
M-1100-119

Blackfoot Bison Drives - [ca. 1934-1954]. - Consists of research notes about Blackfoot methods of hunting bison (buffalo), including luring rites, seasons for drives, runners, and the butchering and sharing of the kill.

Scanned Document View part 1.
Scanned Document View part 2.

M-1100-120Blackfoot Bison Drives - Notes
M-1100-121 Blackfoot Buffalo Stones - [ca. 1934-1954]. - Consists of research notes about buffalo stones (iniskim), their origins, and stories related to specific stones and their role in bison hunts. Scanned Document View now.
M-1100-122Blackfoot Bison Drives - Misc.
M-1100-123Bison Pounds - Comparative Data
M-1100-124Bison Drives - Symposium
M-1100-125 Blackfoot Painted Lodges - [ca. 1934-1954]. - Consists of research notes about painted lodges (tipis), including Yellow Buffalo Lodge, Crow-Painted Lodge, Big Striped Lodge, male and female motifs, animal life lines, Buffalo Lodge, Otter Lodge, Mountain Lion Lodge, and Pine Tree Lodge. Pages 1-24 are Schaeffer's handwritten notes, and pages 25-44 are a typed transcript. Scanned Document View now.
M-1100-126 Blackfoot Animal Lore - [ca. 1934-1954]. - Consists of research notes about antelope, rats and mice, dogs, wolverines, buffalo (bison), beavers, rabbits, muskrats, otters, wolves, porcupines, and other animals. Scanned Document View now.
M-1100-127 Blackfoot Winter Counts Scanned Document View now.
M-1100-128Blackfoot - Misc. Notes
M-1100-129 Blackfoot Beaver Bundle - [ca. 1934-1954]. - Consists of research notes about Beaver Bundles, Blackfoot almanac, measuring months, Coyote meets First Woman, anthropomorphic spirits, and words for the sun, moon and planets. Scanned Document View now.
M-1100-130Blackfoot - Published Sources
M-1100-131Analysis of Blackfoot Culture
M-1100-132 Blackfoot Societies
M-1100-133 Blackfoot Medicine Pipes - [ca. 1934-1954]. - Consists of research notes about medicine pipes, including Black-Covered Pipe, Soldier (police) Pipe, Thunder Pipe, Otter-Skin-Attached-to-Pipe, Circle-Dance Pipe, and others. Includes notes on pipe bundles. Scanned Document View now.
M-1100-134

Blackfoot Bands - [ca. 1934-1954]. - Consists of research notes about these bands: All Chiefs (All Sacred Men), Moxkami, Little Robes, Black Doors, Hard Top Knots, Black Patched Moccasins, Small Brittle Fat, Lone Eaters, Buffalo Dung, Blood, Worm, Fat Roasters, and Skunks.

Scanned Document View part 1.
Scanned Document View part 2.
Scanned Document View part 3.

M-1100-135

Peigan Bands - [ca. 1934-1954]. - Consists of general research notes about a wide variey of bands, their names, and their wintering places.

Scanned Document View part 1.
Scanned Document View part 2.

M-1100-136Misc. Notes
M-1100-137 Blackfoot Childbirth - [ca. 1934-1954]. - Consists of research notes about prevention of pregnancy, childbirth, sterility, ghosts and children, whirlwind spirit, and twins. Scanned Document View now.
M-1100-138Cecile Black Boy's Blackfoot Notes - Index
M-1100-139 Blackfoot Bird Lore - Economic Utilization - [ca. 1934-1954]. - Consists of research notes about mythical birds (men geese), eagles, eagle-trapping sites, birds as pets, use of bird feathers, fire drives for waterfowl, rearing birds, bird eggs, bird cages, birds as food, and methods of capture. Scanned Document View now.
M-1100-140Blackfoot Bird Lore - Comparative Notes
M-1100-141Blackfoot Bird Lore - Notes
M-1100-142Blackfoot Bird Lore - Ms.
M-1100-143 Blackfoot Bird Lore - Field Notes - [ca. 1934-1954]. - Consists of research notes about bluebirds, Coopers hawk, Wilson's snipe, nighthawk, pelicans, swans, and meadowlark. Scanned Document View now.
M-1100-144

Blackfoot Bird Lore - Misc. Notes - [ca. 1934-1954]. - Consists of research notes and stories about: How the Crow came to be Black (by Yellow Kidney); individuals named after birds; Quarrel between Crow and the Thunder (by Yellow Kidney); Napi and the Geese (by Short Face); eagle trapping; pelican, grebe, loon, goose, chickadee, meadowlark, snow bunting, rail, fish hawk, owls, Wilson's Snipe, crows and other birds; and Napi and the Night Hawks (by Short Face).

Scanned Document View part 1.
Scanned Document View part 2.

M-1100-145 The Blackfoot Indians of 1854, report by James Doty - originally created 1854, transcribed 1964 - Consists of a transcript (by Claude Schaeffer) of a report about the Blackfoot Nation written by James Doty. Doty was part of an exploration party under Governor Isaac I. Stevens, which was looking for a route for a Pacific railway near the 47th and 49th parallels. The original handwritten report is held by the USA National Archives and Records Administration. Scanned Document View now.
M-1100-146 Blackfoot Conjuring - [ca. 1934-1954]. - Consists of research notes about ghost terminology, conjuring and conjurors, how Mountain Chief found his horses, and medicine men vs. doctors. Scanned Document View now.
M-1100-147Notes on R N Wilson, Ms.
M-1100-148Blackfoot Shaking Tent - 1st Draft
M-1100-149 Blackfoot Shaking Tent - Final Draft - [originally written ca. 1934-1954], published 1987 - Consists of Schaeffer's manuscript about the Shaking tent rite, as edited and published by the Glenbow. Scanned Document View now.
M-1100-150

Biographies of Blackfoot Leaders - [ca. 1934-1954]. - Consists of biographical information about: Three Suns (Bear Chief); Running Crane; White Calf; White Calf Bull; Big Snake; Lame Bull; Elk Tongue; Low Horn; Bad Head; Dusty Bull; Cut Hand; Red Old Man; Generous Woman; Little Dog; Mountain Chief (Bear Dog); Chief Talker; Striped White Calf; The Skunk (Big Skunk); Little Plume; White Grass; Big Lake; Heavy Shield (Many Horses); Boy (Bell Mouth); and various others.

Scanned Document View part 1.
Scanned Document View part 2.
Scanned Document View part 3.

M-1100-151 Sata, Blackfoot Indian - [ca. 1934-1954]. - Consists of research notes about Sata, also spelled Satau, including genealogical charts. Scanned Document View now.
M-1100-152 Blackfoot Biographies - [ca. 1934-1954]. - Consists primarily of lists of bands chiefs dating back to 1855 for the North Peigan, South Peigan (also spelled Piegan), Blackfoot, and Blood. Includes brief biographical notes about individuals. Scanned Document View now.
M-1100-153 Canadian Blackfoot Chiefs - [ca. 1934-1954]. - Consists of lists of Blackfoot chiefs, and biographical information about: Three Bulls, White Calf, Kootenai Old Man, Bull's Back Fat, Father of All Children, Iron Shirt, Calf Robe, Wolf Necklace, White Buffalo, Rising Head, Big Sun, Many Spotted Horses, Bull Head, and others. Scanned Document View now.
M-1100-154Blackfoot Chiefs - Misc.
Series 4
Munro Family
M-1100-155Hugh Munro Data
M-1100-156 Hugh Munro Family
M-4111 Photocopies of documents from the Oblate records about Hugh Munro. - 1799-1892
Series 5 Field notebooks - Blackfoot, Kootenay and Flathead
M-1100-157Field Notebooks - 1 Blackfoot
M-1100-158Field Notebooks - 2 Blackfoot
M-1100-159Field Notebooks - 3 Blackfoot
M-1100-160

Field Notebooks - 4 Kootenay. - Typed notes re 1965 and 1969 interviews with Amborose and Fish Wolf Robe have been digitized.

Scanned Document View part 1.
Scanned Document View part 2.

M-1100-161Field Notebooks - 5 Flathead & Kootenay
M-1100-162Field Notebooks - 6 Flathead & Kootenay
M-1100-163Field Notebooks - 7 Flathead
M-1100-164Field Notebooks - 8 Miscellaneous
M-1100-165Blackfoot Field Notes - 1
M-1100-166Blackfoot Field Notes - 2
M-1100-167Blackfoot Field Notes - 3
M-1100-168Blackfoot Field Notes - 4
M-1100-169Kootenay Field Notes - 1
M-1100-170Kootenay Field Notes - 2
M-1100-171Kootenay Field Notes - 3
Series 6
Various reference material
M-1100-172Beaver Traps
M-1100-173Game Drives - Misc.
M-1100-174Game - Misc.
M-1100-175Hunting Methods - Misc.
M-1100-176Field Notes on Penobscot-Malecite
M-1100-177Northern Plains - Comparative Data
M-1100-178Comparative Data - Northern Plains
M-1100-179George Catlin
M-1100-180Fritz Lecture - 1914
M-1100-181Hallowell Studies
M-1100-182Lewis H. Morgan Ms.
M-1100-183Crow's Nest Country by Ian Turner
M-1100-184Field Notes - Misc. Tribes
M-1100-185Printed Sources
M-1100-186Bibliography - Misc.
M-1100-187Bibliography Schaeffer Books
M-1100-188Misc. Notes - 1
M-1100-189Misc. Notes from Desk
M-1101 Religious calendars for Blackfoot and Cree. - 1939 and 1952
Series 7

Photographs

Many of the photographs have been scanned. Scanned Document View now.

PA-556 Thunder tipi and bear figure on Blackfoot tipi. - 1910 and 1944. - 2 photographs
PA-1094 Chief Isadore and a group of Kootenay people. - 2 photographs
PA-1124 Kootenay personalities, Lower Kootenay. - 1949. - 3 photographs
PA-3087 Views of Kootenay and Flathead, intended to be part of his ethnographic manuscript above. - 228 photographs
NA-1903-1 Little Isadore, Upper Kootenay. - n.d. - 1 photograph
NA-1957-1 Lower Kootenay people, Bonner's Ferry, Idaho. - 1911. - 1 photograph
NA-1996-1 Portrait of Claude Schaeffer. - 1955. - 1 photograph
NA-3324-(1-2) Thunder tipi and bear figure on Blackfoot tipi. - 1910 and 1944. - 2 photographs
NA-5213-(1-146) Views of Kooteany and Flathead people and activities; pictographs at Writing-on-Stone. - [1940s]-1963. - 146 photographs
NB-47-(1-12) Sketches of Piegan (USA) by Gustav Sohan. - 1855. - 12 photographs
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